Best-selling author to discuss writing, ecological issues with ASU students
The facts surrounding the climate crisis probably aren’t news to you. Science confirms the world is warming, it’s not a good thing and human activity is causing it. The good news is that means we can do something about it. But figuring out where to start can be difficult — even for a best-selling author.
On Thursday, Oct. 1, Jonathan Safran Foer, author of “Everything is Illuminated” and “Extremely Loud and Incredibly Close,” will pay a virtual visit to Arizona State University first-year English students to discuss his nonfiction book “We Are the Weather: Saving the Planet Begins at Breakfast.”
The event is hosted by the Department of English writing programs, with support from the humanities division of The College of Liberal Arts and Sciences. It is free and open to the public.
Foer’s visit is part of the ASU Common Read program, which invites students to read the same book together, then encourages them to write about pressing social problems that are relevant to ASU’s mission in the hopes of increasing the probability of finding solutions. This year, students read Foer’s book and wrote about the future of the environment as it relates to food production and consumption.
“ASU routinely launches innovative programs that address the dangers of climate change,” said Kyle Jensen, English professor and director of writing programs. “The Julie Ann Wrigley Global Futures Laboratory outlines the stakes of the problem clearly: ‘Climate instability affects all living things, particularly in an extreme environment such as the desert Southwest.’ In other words, because ASU is located in the Sonoran Desert, its students, faculty and staff feel the effects of climate change more acutely and are thus well positioned to solve the problem as a community.”
“We Are the Weather: Saving the Planet Begins at Breakfast,” released last year, is a follow-up to Foer’s 2009 nonfiction book “Eating Animals,” both of which explore the ecological dangers of a diet comprised primarily of animal products.
As an author, Foer has participated in a number of similar programs that engage students with social issues through reading and writing.
“It’s really the most special kind of program for an author to participate in,” he said. “The idea behind them is just so wonderful, to bring all kinds of people from all kinds of perspectives together to find a way to talk about a difficult issue with goodwill. And especially right now, where we are all in this historical moment together.”
ASU Now spoke with Foer ahead of Thursday’s event to learn more about why the subject is important to him, his personal journey to become a vegetarian and how it all influences his writing.
Question: What made you take an interest in the human diet, and more specifically, how it affects the world’s ecology?
Answer: I certainly wasn’t confused about the science. Nobody is confused about the science (having to do with meat production and its relationship to the climate crisis). But I was confused about my own lack of response, my behavior. I didn’t understand that I could know what I knew and feel what I felt and do so little about it. So that was the problem that I wanted to investigate. And I knew that it wasn’t unique to me. I know a lot of people who feel very much the same.
Q: You’re a vegetarian but you haven’t always been. What was it that made you finally take the plunge and go all in?
A: It’s a process, and it has taken me a long time. It takes a lot of people a long time. For obvious reasons. Meat tastes good, meat smells good. It’s woven through a lot of our memories and special occasions, whether religious or secular. But as time has passed, I’ve tried to align my actions more with my values.
Q: You’ve had a lot of success with fiction, but your nonfiction books have received a good amount of acclaim as well. Your first nonfiction book, “Eating Animals,” was published in 2009. What made you pivot from fiction to nonfiction at that time?
A: I don’t know that I experienced it as a pivot. I write about what I care about … not only what I care about, but what I have some confusion about. What feels like a problem inside of me. And sometimes I can’t quite put my finger on what the subject is. The novel … it’s not at all obvious to me what my novels are about — or at least, I wouldn’t be able to say what they’re about before I wrote them. Whereas with nonfiction, I do know what they’re about; with nonfiction, I’m always writing from a place of discomfort, about something that’s not resolved. Writing is the best way I have to deal with that.
Q: Do you have any advice for young writers?
A: I don’t have much because I find it incredibly difficult. The deeper I get into my writing career, the more difficult it is. But for one thing, you really have to trust yourself. That’s not to say that you shouldn’t be open to other opinions. But one of the beautiful and terrifying things about writing is that it is never good or bad; it can never be proven to have one particular kind of quality. Over time, some writing sustains people’s interest, and some doesn’t. But that’s over a time period we don’t have privilege to anyway. And so many things that seem unimportant now turn out to be important later. So you really have to fall back on your own sense of what you want to accomplish in the first place. Another thing is that you have to be willing to invite doubt. Writing seems to inspire insecurity and vulnerability and doubt. Those are not symptoms of an illness, they’re not an expression of something going wrong. They’re part of the process, and you have to find a way to live with them.
Q: Do you have any advice for people who might want to adopt a meat-free lifestyle?
A: A few things. One, just acknowledge that it’s tricky. A lot of people learn about the effects of factory farms and then say, "OK, I’m going to become a vegetarian tomorrow." But it’s hard to make that big of a change that quick. I encourage people to think about it as a process. Try to eat as little meat as you can to begin with. Maybe don’t eat it for dinner, or don’t eat it on Friday. The most compressive analysis of the relationship between food and the environment was published in 2018 in Nature magazine. Scientists studied food systems all over the planet and found that where you live has a lot to do with the impact you’re able to make. We are not equal in terms of our ability to change or our responsibility to change. People who live in areas where malnutrition is an issue can probably eat a little more meat, whereas and people who live in places like the U.S. and the U.K. could eat less. They actually would need to eat about 90% less meat and dairy to avoid what the authors of the study called irreversible climate collapse. That’s not to say we need to stop eating meat altogether. We also don’t need to stop flying, or stop having kids, or stop driving. But we do have to do these things less. And whatever your solution is, is going to be better than pretending it’s not happening.
Top photo courtesy of Pixabay